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Greenland Travel guide

 

TRAVEL GUIDE

About Greenland
Getting to Greenland
Attractions in Greenland
Practical information
Accommodation

Map

 

CLIMATE & WEATHER CONDITIONS

Greenland has an Arctic climate with temperatures that vary quite a bit depending on season and region. During the summer, average temperatures range from 5° C to 15° C and in the winter from -5° C to -30°. But since the air in Greenland is very dry, it often does not feel as cold as in Europe. As for precipitation, the southern areas tend to have more rainfall than the rest of the island although rainfall in the summer months is rarely heavy. Snowfall also varies by region, with the heaviest snowfall occurring from December to March. Please note: In Greenland, sudden changes in weather are common, and you have to be prepared for all types of weather during your visit. We also recommend that all visitors to Greenland purchase travel insurance to safeguard their holiday plans against Mother Nature's extremes.

 Mean temperatures in Celsius (Fahrenheit) by month for selected towns in Greenland
 

Month Ilulissat Kangerlussuaq Nuuk Narsarsuaq Qaqortoq Tasiilaq
January -14.8 (5.4) -14.8 (5.4) -7.4 (18.7) -6.8 (19.8) -5.5 (22.1) -7.5 (18.5)
February -19.6 (-3.3) -21.4 (-6.5) -7.8 (18) -6.1 (21) -5 (23) -7.7 (18.1)
March -19.9 (-3.8) -18.1 (-0.6) -8 (17.6) -5.1 (22.8) -4.4 (24.1) -8.1 (17.4)
April -8.2 (17.2) -7.8 (18) -3.8 (25.2) -0.1 (31.8) -0.6 (30.9) -4 (24.8)
May -0.5 (31.1)  2.5 (36.5)  0.6 (33.1)  5.2 (41.4)  3.3 (37.9)  0.7 (33.3)
June  5.1 (41.2)  8.6 (47.5)  3.9 (39)  8.3 (46.9)  5.2 (41.4)  4.2 (39.6)
July  7.5 (45.5)  10.7 (51.3)  6.5 (43.7)  10.3 (50.5)  7.2 (45)  6.4 (43.5)
August  5.9 (42.6)  8.2 (46.8)  6.1 (43)  9.3 (48.7)  7.2 (45)  6 (42.8)
September  2.4 (36.3)  3 (37.4)  3.5 (38.3)  5.5 (41.9)  5 (41)  3 (37.4)
October -3.1 (26.4) -5.5 (22.1) -0.7 (30.7)  0.4 (32.7)  1.2 (34.2) -0.9 (30.4)
November -7.8 (18) -12.1 (10.2) -3.7 (25.3) -3.2 (26.2) -1.9 (28.6) -4.8 (23.4)
December -9.9 (14.2) -16.4 (2.5) -6.2 (20.8) -6.1 (21) -4.4 (24.1) -7.3 (18.9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Danish Meteorological Institute/Greenland.com

TIME & DAYLIGHT

TIME ZONES: Although Greenland covers four time zones (GMT +0 to -4), most of the island-including the majority of locations in our tours-is GMT -3 while Illoqqortoormiut (Scoresbysund) in eastern Greenland is GMT -1. (GMT = Greenwich Mean Time) Most of Greenland, except some remote areas, also observes daylight saving time (DST) between the end of March and end of October.

DAYLIGHT: Greenland lies between latitudes 59°N and 84°N. As a result, it experiences extreme differences in daylight hours between winter and summer, especially the areas north of the Arctic Circle. Depending on the latitude and time of year, you may experience the contrasting phenomena of the northern lights or the midnight sun.

With the short daylight hours and clear, starry skies, winter is an ideal time to view the northern lights, or aurora borealis-amazing displays of light that can be seen between September and March.

In contrast, during the summer months the sun does not completely dip below the horizon-a polar phenomenon known as the midnight sun. Depending on how far north you travel, this period can last from a single day to nearly five months. In Ilulissat, for example, the midnight sun appears from mid-May to late July.